Misfortune: First Years in California (Exile in California Book 1)
Data includes: family size, income, residence status, previous occupations, relief received by families including Mexican, white, black and Native American. The statistical tables emphasize the health situation of children, including nutrition, infections, hygiene, tuberculosis, congenital defects. Many migrant families do not receive relief; non-residents do not receive medical care and are unable to pay for private medical care.
Those migrants who are residents often do not take advantage of medical services. Recommends that state and federal agencies should pay for the improvement of the poor conditions under which migrant families live. California State Legislature. Surveys the farm tenancy in the United States from to Provides an analysis of the results of the U.
Part I addresses the problem of farm tenure in the United States from two points of view: 1 the status of the farm tenant compared to that of the farm owner; and 2 the status of the farm tenant and that of the farm laborer working for wages. Part II discusses the growth of farm tenancy from to in the United States. Contains detailed tables from the U. California State Chamber of Commerce. California State Department of Public Health. Bureau of Child Hygiene. Sacramento, CA, California State Relief Administration.
Reports on the number of individuals who arrived in California by car from drought states during June through December Provides statistics of refugees by race and state of origin. Information based on data provided by Paul S.
Surveys the size and condition of the transient population in California by investigating its presence in the largest cities and presents proposals for its care by public agencies. It finds that transients are usually those displaced by economic change such as natural disasters and mechanization and that the continued public neglect of their poverty poses a substantial threat to the state. It therefore urges renewed requests for federal aid, expansion of county assistance to improve their health and employment, and greater uniformity in settlement laws to allow them a fairer chance at establishing residency.
California State University, Bakersfield.
The interviews were conducted in the early s. The archive is supplemented by photographs taken by FSA photographers e. Campbell, Ann P. Cambell, Ronald. Cannon, Brian. Details the tasks resettlement developers performed in carving farms out of forests, bogs, and grasslands in the mountainous West. Faced with opposition from Congress and politically conservative groups like the American Farm Bureau Federation, Cannon discusses the various bureaucratic and legal hurdles the Resettlement Administration RA and its successor, the Farm Security Administration FSA , faced in acquiring and rapidly developing land for its resettlement programs.
Among the reasons for its demise, Cannon cites legal difficulties, the magnitude of land development work, dependence upon other federal agencies, lack of coordination within the resettlement agencies, reliance upon inexperienced relief labor, and the difficulty of adapting to environmental conditions. Canter, Ester A. Condescending article portraying the ignorance of migrants toward health care and nutrition. Reflects the prevailing view of migrants as shiftless and illiterate.
Carlson, Oliver. Caughey, John Walton. Chambers, Clarke. Berkeley: University of California Press, Contains source material for the California Farm Bureau Federation, the California State Grange, The Associated Farmers of California, and personal interviews with persons active in farm politics during the s. Includes references to newspapers and periodicals that were a valuable source of political views. Churchill, Douglas W. Davis has requested that automobile clubs west of the Mississippi should discourage club members from picking up hitch-hikers.
Reports that over a thousand transients have been refused entrance into California by the Los Angeles police border patrol. As a result, border crime in Los Angeles has decreased by twenty-five percent.
The Presidios of Alta California - California Missions Foundation
City Attorney [Chesebro] in opposition to members of the City Council has ruled the border patrol legal. Clawson, Marion. Statistically analyzes migration to California from to to derive essential facts about its character. Foreign migration notwithstanding, the typical migrants are young adults from states west of the Mississippi River, especially Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas during the s, and have skewed the state age distribution abnormally young compared to the national distribution, which the study takes as a warning that public infrastructure involving children may soon become overburdened.
While migrants are predominantly white, there is a growing population of black migrants as well, yet Mexicans, Chinese, and Japanese are declining, the latter two undoubtedly because of World War II.
Coen, Chere. Collins, Henry Hill. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, Interstate Migration. Washington, D. Collins, Geneva.
Collins, Thomas A. Colvin, Richard Lee.
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Presents a series of oral family histories of the migrant experience that focus on how each family coped with its hardships. Others allowed their hardship to shape their view of life and the world for the better. One man came to believe that diligence leads to success, although his success was less than he had expected for his effort, while another man prospered greatly by heeding the persistence of his mother.
Finally, another who did well in business remembers the kindness and example of a local educator in easing the hardship of migrant children. Commonwealth Club of California. Presents analyses by growers, migrants, migrant organizers on the welfare and efforts of migrants to organize.
Growers are divided on whether they should be obliged to provide housing and other amenities to migrants. Small farmers argue that their means are too little to do so, whereas larger farmers, who consider doing so as a responsibility appropriate to their size, point out that most already do so. Both groups, however, prefer local governance of migrant camps to federal intervention and believe that communist agitators bully migrants into striking and attendant violence.
Migrants and migrant organizers, while pleased with federal aid on their behalf, are less amiable towards growers, who instigate violence against migrants as local law enforcement turns a blind eye or even assists in the beatings, and insist that wages and working conditions, not communists, are not behind their actions.
Moreover, they feel that peaceful collective bargaining must come before a solution may be achieved. See below related article by Dale Maharidge. For text and audio of her interview, go to California State University, Bakersfield. Corrigan, Emmett.
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Cotton pickers demonstration in Phoenix, Arizona in protest over their living conditions. Briefly reports on the delivery of food aid by state and county authorities to camps west of Phoenix after a series of protests by cotton pickers before state relief offices to draw public attention to their poverty. Because state law permits such relief to non-residents only in a crisis, the authorities stress that the aid is temporary and, while promising to send case workers to investigate the camps, are considering plans to return the pickers to their states of residence.
However, only six case workers would be assigned to assess the needs of the families. Cowley, Malcolm. May 3, : Creisler, Lilian. Berkeley: University of California, Author concludes that these refugees succeeded because they ceased to be migrants and instead became part of an established group.